Open Internet

Broadband Internet Access Services Network Management Practices, Performance Characteristics, and Commercial Terms and Conditions for Fixed Services

Varnet, Inc. (the Company) has adopted the following network management practices, performance characteristics, and commercial terms and conditions for its broadband Internet access services in compliance with the Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC’s Open Internet Framework requirements (GN Docket No. 09-191 and WC Docket No. 07-52).

These practices, characteristics, terms and conditions are intended to help preserve the Internet as an open framework that enables consumer choice, freedom of expression, end-user control, competition, and freedom to innovate without permission, while permitting the Company to manage its network reasonably.

These practices, characteristics, terms and conditions are effective as of November 20, 2011.

The Company may add, delete, or modify certain practices, performance characteristics, terms and conditions from time to time at its discretion.  It will provide clear written notice of these changes on this website, but will not notify customers, content providers, applications providers, service providers or device providers individually of such changes by bill inserts, e-mails, tweets, telephone calls or other direct communications unless specifically required to do so by federal or state authorities.  The Company will provide as much advance notice as practicable of such changes.  It will normally endeavor to furnish written notice on this website thirty (30) days before changes become effective, but reserves the right to use a shorter notice period when regulatory, operational, technical or other circumstances warrant.

I.  Network Management Practices

The Company manages its network with the goal of providing the best practicable broadband Internet experience to all of its customers.  Within the scope of its resources, it attempts to deploy and maintain adequate capacity and facilities within its own network, and to obtain sufficient Middle Mile capacity or facilities outside its service area to connect with the Internet.  The Company and its staff use their best efforts to monitor, address and minimize (but do not guarantee that they can prevent) the effects of spam, viruses, security attacks, network congestion, and other phenomena that can degrade the service of affected customers.

A. Congestion Management Practices

Congestion is an Internet access service problem that can slow web browsing, downloading, and other activities of the customers during certain peak usage periods.  Congestion may be caused by capacity limits and bottlenecks in a service provider’s own network, or by limitations in the capacity of the Middle Mile transport facilities and services that many rural service providers must purchase from unrelated entities to carry the traffic of their customers between their service areas and the closest Internet nodes.

As of October 2011, the Company has experienced occasional problems with congestion.

If significant congestion problems arise in the future, the Company’s most desired approach is to determine the source of the problem, and to increase the capacity of the affected portions of its network and/or of its Middle Mile routes where warranted. However, network and Middle Mile upgrades often cannot be accomplished instantaneously because they require negotiations, authorizations and agreements with multiple unrelated entities such as lenders, government agencies, equipment vendors, property owners and other carriers.

If or when network and/or Middle Mile upgrades are not able to be deployed on a timely or reasonable basis, the Company reserves the right to monitor and identify which customer accounts are using the greatest amount of bandwidth during periods of heavy congestion, and to contact those high-volume customers to work out a solution to the problem.  The Company’s preferred solution will be to help such high-volume customers find acceptable times during non-peak periods to engage in the same activities.

If that preferred solution is not possible, the Company reserves the right to manage temporarily the Internet traffic of high-volume customers during periods of significant congestion until such periods of congestion pass.  This temporary traffic management will be accomplished by technically and commercially feasible methods that are available or that become available in the future.  Affected high-volume customers will still be able to access the Internet and engage in any and all online activities they desire.  However, during periods of congestion they may experience conditions such as longer times to download or upload files, slower Web surfing, and/or slower movements during online game playing.

Customers should note that any temporary traffic management practices employed by the Company will impact only identified and notified high-volume customers during periods when congestion problems are experienced, and will not be based upon the types of content, applications, services, or devices such customers use.  On the basis of its knowledge and experience as of November 2011, the Company expects that periods of temporary traffic management, if any, will be brief and infrequent.

For purposes of its congestion management practices, the Company will consider a period in which a congestion problem arises and exists to be one where the company is able to determine, by way of viewing traffic logs that a problem exists.  It will consider a high-volume customer as one that uses more than the average amount of bandwidth during peak periods.

B.  Application-Specific Behavior Practices

The Company does not favor or inhibit certain applications or classes of applications.   Customers may use any lawful and commercially available application which they desire on the Company’s network.

The Company does not normally monitor the contents of the traffic or applications of its customers.  It undertakes no obligation to monitor or investigate the lawfulness of the applications used by its customers.  If any party contacts the Company with a substantial allegation that an application being used by a customer is unlawful, the Company will investigate the matter (including consultation, as it deems appropriate, with attorneys, consultants, federal or state regulators, and/or federal, state or local law enforcement agencies), and will take appropriate actions to deal with the use of applications that are demonstrated to be unlawful.

Customers may occasionally develop their own applications, or modify commercially available applications.  The Company will not prohibit the use of customer-developed or modified applications unless there is a reasonable belief that such applications will cause harm to its network.

The Company does not block or rate-control specific protocols or protocol ports.

The Company does not modify protocol fields in ways that are not prescribed by the applicable protocol standards.

C. Device Attachment Rules

The Company does not have any approval procedures that must be satisfied before a device can be connected to its network.  Customers may use any lawful, compatible, type-accepted (if necessary) and commercially available device which they desire on the Company’s network, as long as such device does not harm the network or violate any rules as set forth in the Terms of Service Agreement.

The Company does not normally monitor the devices used by its customers.  It warns customers that some types of devices (for example, Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification (‘DOCSIS’) devices intended for use on cable broadband networks) may not be compatible with its fiber optic and digital subscriber line (DSL) network.

The Company undertakes no obligation to monitor or investigate the lawfulness of the devices used by its customers.  If any party contacts the Company with a substantial allegation that a device being used by a customer is unlawful, the Company will investigate the matter (including consultation, as it deems appropriate, with attorneys, consultants, federal or state regulators, and/or federal, state or local law enforcement agencies), and will take appropriate actions to deal with the use of a device that is demonstrated to be unlawful.

Customers may occasionally develop their own devices, or modify commercially available devices.  The Company will not prohibit the use of lawful customer-developed or modified devices unless there is a reasonable belief that such devices will cause harm to its network.

Due to the vast choices that consumers now have in regards to internet devices and the differences in the technology, the Company warns that they will not offer technical support to devices other than the equipment provided and then, only limited wireless support.

D. Security Practices

The Company does not normally monitor the traffic of its customers.  It undertakes no obligation to monitor or protect such customer traffic from spam, viruses, denial-of-service attacks, or other malicious, unlawful or unwanted activities.

The Company recognizes that customers can purchase spam filtering and anti-virus software from commercial vendors to meet their needs.  The Company may from time to time offer anti-spam and/or anti-virus software or services to customers who desire to purchase them from the Company.  When offered, these software or services will be described and priced in other sections of this website and in the Company’s sales and marketing materials.  Customers are free to obtain anti-spam and/or anti-virus software or services from any source they desire, as long as such software or services do not disrupt or degrade the traffic of other customers of the Company or harm the network.

A customer that is subjected to a denial-of-service attack, or similar malicious, unlawful or unwanted activity, is urged to notify the Company as soon as possible. The Company will work with the customer, other service providers, federal and state regulators, and/or law enforcement to determine the source of such activity, and to take appropriate, and technically and economically reasonable efforts to address the matter.

The Company employs commercially appropriate security procedures to protect its network and its customer records from unauthorized access by third parties.  The Company does not guarantee that it can protect customers from any and/or all security breaches.

E. Traffic Blocking

The Company does not block any lawful content, applications, devices, and/or non-harmful devices.

The only potential exceptions where blocking may occur entail the unlawful or harmful circumstances set forth in Sections I.A through I.D above.  The Company believes that all such circumstances constitute reasonable network management practices.

The Company does not knowingly and intentionally impair, degrade or delay the traffic on its network so as to render effectively unusable certain content, applications, services and/or non-harmful devices.  However, the Company notes that congestion may from time to time impair, degrade, or delay some traffic.

The Company does not charge edge service providers of content, applications, services and/or devices any fees simply for transporting traffic between them and its customers.


II. Performance Characteristics

Many of the service and performance characteristics of the Company’s broadband Internet access services are contained in the service offering portions of this website. The Company offers different tiers of service at different prices, and changes these from time to time.

A. General Service Description

The Company uses a hybrid fiber optic, microwave and copper digital subscriber line (DSL) network that reaches approximately 80 percent of the potential customers in its rural service area.   The expected access speeds in the DSL portions of the network range from 3 megabits per second (Mbps) to 6 Mbps, depending upon the actual lengths of the respective fiber trunks and copper lines, with an average ping time, (latency) of 75, depending upon the electronics installed.

Actual access speeds and time delays (latency) are impacted by the length, capacity and congestion of Middle Mile transport facilities (between the Company’s service area and Internet nodes) as well as the characteristic of the Company’s own network. Because conditions on these facilities and routes can change frequently, the Company can provide estimated actual access speed and latency information only for specific recent time periods requested by a customer.

The Company’s service is suitable for real-time applications. Real-time applications such as VoIP, gaming, etc. will be effected by many factors including the distance of travel, network congestion at the company as well as the route of the connection, weather, condition of the service plant, amount of electronics hooked to the network and various other factors.

The Company will provide Law Enforcement, Public Safety, Homeland Security or other National Security Authorities priority use of its internet during time of crisis. This allowance may affect the service being provided to the Company’s regular customers.

B. Impact of Specialized Services

The Company offers NO specialized services to its DSL subscribers. Impact of Middle Mile Capacity Constraints

The Company purchases Middle Mile capacity services from AT&T for routes approximately 20 miles long between the Company’s service area and the closest Internet nodes.

The Company has no ownership in its Middle Mile providers and has no control over it.  The Company cannot guarantee that it will be able to obtain additional Middle Mile capacity at commercially reasonable prices if and when needs for additional Middle Mile capacity arise.

III. Commercial Terms and Conditions

The commercial terms and conditions of the Company’s broadband Internet access services are contained in greater detail in the Terms of Service portions of this website.  This section provides a brief overview or reference to terms and conditions detailed elsewhere, plus discussions of other terms and conditions required by the FCC’s Open Internet Framework.

A. Pricing Terms and Conditions

The Company offers different tiers and levels of service at different prices, and changes these from time to time.  These service tiers and prices are detailed in the service offering portion of this website.

The Company does not impose usage-based fees on any tiers or levels of its service. The Company does impose fees for early termination with respect to certain of its service arrangements.  These early termination fees are imposed upon the service arrangements specifically identified in the Terms of Service, Section 18  in the manner and under the conditions set forth therein.

B. No Unreasonable Discrimination

The Company does not unreasonably discriminate in its transmission of traffic over the broadband Internet access services of its customers.  It endeavors to give its customers as much choice and control as practicable among its different service offerings and among the content, application, service and device offerings of edge service providers.  When reasonable network management practices entail differential treatment of traffic, the Company does not discriminate among specific uses, or classes of uses, of its network.

The Company does not impair, degrade or delay VoIP applications or services that compete with its voice services and those of its affiliates.

The Company does not impair, degrade, delay or otherwise inhibit access by its customers to lawful content, applications, services or non-harmful devices.

The Company does not impair free expression by actions such as slowing traffic from particular websites or blogs.

The Company does not use or demand pay-for-priority or similar arrangements that directly or indirectly favor some traffic over other traffic.

The Company does not prioritize its own content, application, services, or devices, or those of its affiliates.

C. Privacy Policies

As indicated above, the Company’s network management practices do not generally entail inspection of network traffic.

The Company retains and stores certain traffic information (such as the identity of the customer using a particular IP address during a specific period) for time periods required by federal or state law.

The Company retains, stores and provides to law enforcement any traffic information requested pursuant to the procedures of the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA), the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) or other applicable national security or criminal statutes. In the interest of National security, Law Enforcement, Public Safety, Homeland Security of other National Security Authorities may monitor, interrupt and record traffic traveling through the Company’s network. (For more information regarding the possible intersection of internet traffic research the, Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act, the foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act)

The Company does not collect store or use traffic information to profile its customers in order to sell additional services to them, or for similar non-network management purposes. D. Redress

D. Transfers of Unlawful Content and Unlawful Transfers of Content.

Varnet, Inc. and all other broadband providers have been encouraged to take reasonable practices to prevent the transfer of unlawful content and to prevent the unlawful transfer of content.  Varnet, Inc. will therefore report any copyright infringement, (unlawful transfer of content), as indicated in the Terms of Service, Section 5 (b) and 26 (e).  Varnet, Inc. has established a Designated Agent in order to receive reports of copyright infringement.

Varnet, Inc. is required to report any transfer of unlawful content. This may include child pornography, threats of violence, terrorist activity, unlawful transactions, and etcetera.

You can contact the Designated Agent at:

Regulatory Dept.
P.O.  Box 42230
Bakersfield, CA  93384-2230
(661) 834-7700


Questions and complaints regarding the foregoing matters should be addressed to the Company’s quality control department by contacting your local exchange.

The Company strongly desires to resolve questions, complaints and other problems of its customers and edge service providers in an informal and direct manner that satisfies all interested parties to the greatest extent practicable.

Customers and edge service providers that are not able to obtain satisfaction from the Company have the option of invoking the FCC’s informal and formal complaint procedures regarding Open Internet Framework disputes.

To read and understand more about the Open Internet rules from the FCC, please visit: